Eco Info

Scarborough’s unique geographical location provides a vast array of flora and fauna to observe and experiance. From whale watching in autumn, birdwatching all year round includes both coastal varieties as well as mountain dwelling birds. Fynbos, indigenous to the area provides plant lovers with unique sightings all year round. From Protea to Vygies.

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Scarborough has shared its mountains with Baboons for centuries. Although often a source of conflict between man and nature, Scarborough works hard to conserve and protect these animals by keeping large areas of mountain exclusive for baboons to forage in.


The Wetlands:

The southern boundary of Scarborough consists of a natural wetland associated with the Schusters River which flows through the wetlands and out to sea. The wetland is covered with fynbos plants specifically adapted to the acidic, nutrient-poor soil.

The Dunes and Dune Forest:

The western boundary of Scarborough consists of dune forest and dune asteraceous fynbos – both of these habitats are botanically important as well as providing a refuge for many species of fauna. It also provides an effective buffer zone against wind action. The most important plant species associated with the dune thickets is the protected White Milkwood.

The Mountain side:

The eastern and northern boundaries of Scarborough consist of mountainsides of loose scree and weathered sandstone. The vegetation found on the mountains surrounding Scarborough is known as Mesic Oligotrophic Proteiod Fynbos. Well over 500 species of flora could be found here including many rare, endangered or threatened species.

The Beach and Intertidal Zone:

The beaches are utilized by many species of bird for foraging and breeding. The two most common being the Whitefronted Plover and the endemic African Black Oystercatcher. Both species lay their eggs in the kelp and debris above the high tide mark. The intertidal zone remains productive despite over-exploitation of many species such as the black mussels.

Animals to find:

Mammals and birds:

African Black Oystercatcher, African Fish Eagle, African Sedge Warbler, Avocet, Black Eagle, Black Stork, Blackcheeked Lovebird, Blackcrowned Night Heron, Blackshouldered Kite, Blacksmith Plover, Bokmakierie, Bully Canary, Burchell’s Coucal, Cape Bulbul, Cape Bunting, Cape Clawless Otter, Cape Cormorant, Cape Francolin, Cape Mole-rat, Cape Robin, Cape Sugarbird, Cape Turtle Dove, Cape Wagtail, Cape Weaver, Cape White-eye, Caracal, Chacma Baboon, Common Waxbill, Egyptian Goose, European Starling, Fiscal Shrike, Grassbird, Grey Heron, Grysbok, Hadeda Ibis, Hammerkop, Hartlaub’s Gull, Helmeted Guineafowl, House Sparrow, Jackal Buzzard, Kelp Gull, Klaas’s Cuckoo, Large-spotted Genet, Laughing Dove, Lesser Doublecollared Sunbird, Little Egret, Malachite Sunbird, Orangebreasted Sunbird, Peregrine Falcon, Pied Crow, Pintailed Whydah, Porcupine, Redwinged Starling, Rock Kestrel, Rock Pigeon, Sacred Ibis, Small Grey Mongoose, Small-spotted Genet, Southern Boubou, Southern Right Whale, Speckled Mousebird, Spotted Dikkop, Spotted Eagle Owl, Spotted Prinia, Steppe Buzzard, Striped Mouse, Striped Polecat, Vlei Rat, Water Mongoose, Whitebreasted Cormorant, Whitefronted Plover, Whitenecked Raven, Yellowrumped Widdow; Ostrich (through the reserve fence).

Reptiles and frogs:

Angulate Tortoise, Arum Lily Frog, Black Girdled Lizard, Boomslang, Cape Cobra, Cape Legless Skink, Cape River Frog, Cape Sandsnake, Cape Skink, Common Slug Eater, Delalande’s Blind Snake, Marbled Leaf-toed Gecko, Mole Snake, Parot-beaked Tortoise, Puff Adder, Rhombic Skaapsteker, Silvery Dwarf Burrowing Skink, Southern Rock Agama.